Food vs Fuel
Since First Generation biofuels use food items to produce fuel, they pose a threat to overall food security and food prices. Since 2019, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization’s Food Price Index has increased by 58 per cent to an all-time high, while prices of wheat and maize have doubled. Further, according to the World Food Programme, the number of people facing acute food insecurity has more than doubled over this period and 44 million people in 38 countries are at risk of famine. Indeed, it is alarming.